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Ordliste

Glossary

A

Anonymous

Unnamed. Unknown or nameless person. 

Antivirus programme

A programme that attempts to detect, counteract and remove computer viruses or the like which can be harmful to PCs.

App

Programme used on mobiles, tablets or PCs. These may, for example, be games for pure entertainment or programmes that can provide help with a task. Short form for application.

B

Browser

A programme needed to view content on the Internet, for example Internet Explorer, Chrome, Safari or Firefox.

C

Cookie

A small text file stored on your computer and which contains information about you that makes it easy for websites to recognise you from a previous visit.

Currency

A means of payment in one or more countries, such as money. Some countries have their own currency (e.g. Norwegian kroner), while other countries have a common currency (e.g. Euro).

D

Discrimination

To treat someone less favourably than others. The word is most frequently used to denote unfair or unreasonable differences in the way individuals are treated on the basis of their gender, religion, ethnic group, nationality or disability. (Source: Store Norske Leksikon)

F

Filter

A programme which blocks access to undesirable websites

Firewall

A barrier that blocks unwanted traffic to a computer, for example when someone from the outside tries to log on to (hack) the system.

Freedom of expression

The right to express oneself and to give or receive information (freedom of information), no matter what type of channel or medium is used.

H

Hate

Malicious and unfair behaviour directed at individuals.

I

Indexed

When data or information is organised so that it is possible to find it again based on various search criteria. In IT, indexing refers to making data quickly searchable in databases, while libraries, for example, have index cards for titles and authors.

L

Log

An overview of internet activity, for example of websites you have visited or conversations you have had in a chat room.

P

Personal data

All information relating to an individual person. In addition to information such as name, date of birth, address, phone number and email address, personal data also includes vehicle registration number, images and online gaming or purchasing patterns.

Player

Individuals, groups, companies or organisations whose activities are driven by purposes and goals. A commercial player wants to earn money on a service or a product.

Privacy

The right to a private life and the right to make decisions regarding personal data.

Pseudonym

A fictional name or nickname. Some people use aliases when gaming or communicating with others on the Internet because they do not want to reveal their real identity.

S

Source reference

Information regarding where information has been obtained. The source may, for example, be books, journals or websites.

V

Violation

A breach of a right which you have. Forcing someone to join in or be subjected to unwanted acts, or to characterise a person with derogatory words and descriptions, are also violations.